Drainage Techniques


The so-called “drainage therapies” belong to the oldest medical procedures.

Paracelsus (1493-1541) stated: “Where nature accumulates a harmful thing, you make a hole to get it out.”

The common denominator of drainage techniques is their action on the intercellular tissue, or rather, on the extracellular matrix. All diseases begin at the forefront of this level. Metabolic waste, environmental toxins and infections do not exceed or leave their mark at the extracellular matrix and eventually induce the pathological changes that occur in many clinical settings.


Few know that the lymphatic system contains three times the circulatory system liquid. The lymphatic system contains many transport routes constituted by a fine network of intercommunicating vessels that tend to merge before the level of the lymph nodes and finally into the venous circulation. The lymphatic vessels drain the tissue and carry lymph, a clear fluid containing cells, water, vitamins, minerals, proteins and scraps of cellular metabolism.


What leads to an alteration of the lymphatic drainage and what are the causes?

System disorders differ in extent and location. You might have:

– Cardiac dysfunction

– Venous Diseases

– Lymphedemas

– Tissue acidosis

– Inflammation


Poor physical mobility, a sedentary lifestyle and being overweight favour the dysfunction of the lymphatic system, causing e.g. leg edema.


What drainage techniques does Ortho-Bio-Med offer and what are their characteristics?

The basic problem that affixes the patient are addressed with different drainage methods:

  • The BAUNSCHEIDT method
  • patch cantharides
  • L ‘wrap
  • The cups
  • Bloodletting
  • Linfamat
  • The manual lymphatic drainage (link)
  • Sauna Detox (link)
  • Hay flowers (link)


1) The Baunscheidt method is an invention of German-born Carl Baunscheidt, who, around 1850, developed a device that allows you to make small superficial punctures with very fine needles. It continues with the clutch, performed using a special oil, which causes redness, heat and the formation of small blisters filled with sap. It is a very strong stimulation and is indicated in cases of severe muscle blocks. It is a useful complement to therapy, even in cases of bronchitis, asthma and pelvic pain. The pain is very bearable, because the needles used are very fine and very short.


2) The Spanish fly patch is one of the most intensive drainage techniques used in naturopathy. The cantharides, or lytta vescicatoria, is an insect already known in antiquity for the production of cantharidin. Currently, comfortable patches containing cantharidin exist on the market. The patch is applied on the sore, and within a few hours, a skin blister containing lymphatic fluid form. The more severe the disease of the point treated, the greater the amount of the liquid. Afterwards, there will be a dressing. The main indication is joint pain.


3) The classic pack has been clinically evaluated and propagated, particularly by Abbot KNEIPP in the 1800s. Its effect derives from the mild stimulation of different parts of the nervous system, both the sensory and the vegetative. It leads to an improvement of surface circulation (where you put the compress) of both that profound, through so-called “skin-visceral reflexes”.


4) The cups were a medical art used by ancient cultures, already mentioned above. Instead of terracotta pots or cow horns, nowadays, glass cups are used, using heat or mechanically creating suction inside the glass, which is put on the skin of the patient. The longest application shall be made on the back. It has been proven that many systems of the treated area react: the lymphatic system, the capillaries (arterial and venous), skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscles. This technique reduces local acidosis and possible muscle hypertension. In addition, the immune system is stimulated.


5) Bleeding: In the past it was seen by many as the panacea for all illnesses, some kind of bodily purification. Today, bloodletting has experienced a small renaissance, because scientific literature demonstrates its usefulness in case of cardiovascular diseases.

Especially when it is combined with modern methods of “metabolic blood activation” (autohemotherapy with ozone, the blood radiation with UV rays, endovenous laser), bloodletting has a great positive effect on blood fluidity and the ability to carry oxygen . Approximately 120-400 ml of blood is extracted. Clearly, the use of bloodletting must be done only under careful control of blood flow.


6) Linfamat: It is an automatic lymphatic drainage equipment. It is used as a complement to treatments of manual lymphatic drainage.

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